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453 - Discussing Patterns and Processes of Evolutionary Change along the Americas

16.07.2012 | 08:00 - 13:30
16.07.2012 | 17:30 - 19:30
17.07.2012 | 17:30 - 19:30

Convener 1: Muscio, Hernán (Universidad de Buenos Aires , Buenos Aires, Argentina / Argentinien)
Convener 2: López, Gabriel (CONICET - UNiversidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina / Argentinien)

America , with the exception of Antarctica , is the last continent colonized by modern humans. In this way, the archeological record of the continent is the result of a single hominid species dispersed along North, Central, and South America .

The archaeological record of these land masses displays an impressive range of variation along time and space, documenting a diversity of societies ranging from small scale hunter -gather populations to complex state formations, and a diversity of cultural traditions, languages and biological populations distributed along the ecological mosaic of the Americas .

From this comes the relevance for assessing the processes of biological and cultural evolution responsible of the broad range of variation in the archaeological record of the Americas , and for addressing the particularities of such processes regarding other continents. In this sense what become critical are the theoretical and methodological foundations for documenting the archaeological patterns resulting from these processes.

The goal of this symposium is to congregate a number of scholars working in americanist archaeology in order to comparatively assess the patterns and processes of evolutionary change archaeologically recorded across the continent. Upon this base the focus is the diversity implied during the early colonization of the Americas , as well as, the processes of change documented from the earliest to the later phases of the occupational history of the continent. Into this broader chronological framework are of special interest the discussion of the changes documented in subsistence, human biology, space use, technology, demography and political systems.

More broadly, this symposium is thought to explore the application of theoretical models and frames of reference based on ecology, biogeography, cultural transmission theory, and other evolutionary approaches applied to empirical cases studies. In this line, other important issue to discuss refers to the units (chronological, spatial, cultural, palaeoclimatic, etc.) employed in Americanist Archaeology for studying archaeological patterning, and the way in which such units are more or less reliable for the comparative analyses. In this way the symposium will give an encouraging ambience to the specialists in Americanist Archaeology for the dialogue and the exchange of ideas concerning the patterns, the processes and the variability of the archaeological record along the history of human population of the Americas .

Keywords: Patterns, processes, Americas

Title Author Country Co-Author
2921 - Deduction and evolution. Early archaeological patterns and processes in South America Borrero, Luis Alberto Argentina / Argentinien
3182 - Lithic technology, raw material availability and hunter-gatherers mobility: a case study from southern patagonia. Borrazzo, Karen Argentina / Argentinien Judith Charlin (CONICET-IMHICIHU, UBA, Buenos Aires, Argentina / Argentinien)
3523 - Exploring Ecologically Informed Models of Culture Change in the Americas: Predicting Pace and Pattern of Change Across Two Continents Johnson, Amber Ud States of Am / USA
3818 - Did Chiefdoms Once Exist in the Upper Xingu? Wildey, Amanda Jo Ud States of Am / USA Carneiro, Robert (American Museum of Natural History, New York, Ud States of Am / USA)
4567 - Paleoindian Cultural Transmission in Eastern North America O'Brien, Mike Ud States of Am / USA
4646 - Hacia un modelo de poblamiento de la Puna Seca de Jujuy, Argentina: Nuevos datos polínicos y proxies complementarios. Oxman, Brenda Argentina / Argentinien
4793 - Morphometric evolution of bifacial points in Southeastern Brazil: Geographic and temporal trends Mercedes, Okumura Brazil / Brasilien
5359 - Archaeology and processes of change in the Highlands of Argentina: A study case from Pastos Grandes and Pocitos, Puna of Salta López, Gabriel Argentina / Argentinien
5991 - Modelling dispersal dynamics from radiocarbon data James, Steele United Kingdom/Ver Königr
6958 - Lithic technology in the South-Central Andes: Continuity, change and units of analysis Restifo, Federico Argentina / Argentinien
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