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636 - Revolutionary Foreign Policy: The Latin American Cases

18.07.2012 | 08:00 - 13:30

Convener 1: Brown, Jonathan (University of Texas at Austin , Austin, Texas, Ud States of Am / USA)

Latin American revolutions in the twentieth century have had a difficult time consolidating their governments and instituting social and economic reforms for numerous reasons. Each of the four social revolutions, Mexico in 1910, Bolivia in 1952, and Cuba in 1959, and Nicaragua in 1979, have had to confront investors from more industrialized countries who feared loss of capital and markets. Moreover, neighboring governments and armies have worried about the example of successful revolutions nearby spreading unrest in their own countries. Finally, the last two revolutions (Cuba and Nicaragua) intervened in the already difficult East-West confrontation between the Western nations and the Sino-Soviet bloc countries, introductions Cold War tensions to inter-American relations. Revolutionaries in Latin America have also had to confront the adamant opposition from their own countries who receive outside assistance and/or who migrate abroad to pursue the counterrevolution. It goes without saying that the United States has deployed its diplomatic and military forces against revolutions, except for the case of Bolivia. How have Latin American revolutionary leaders in the 20 th century coped with foreign and domestic hostilities? How does one explain the Bolivian difference? These five papers, written and presented by historians and political scientists, will assess the foreign challenges and obstacles that revolutionary regimes had confronted while attempting to deliver social reforms to the popular classes that back them at home. In short, Latin American revolutions of the 20 th century have not been terribly conducive to 54 ICA’s theme of “Building Dialogues in the Americas.”

Keywords: Mexico, Cuba, Bolivia

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