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7903 - What we learn from the past: Health, life style and urbanism in prehispanic, colonial and modern populations in Yucatán

Co-authors: M. Rodríguez Pérez, S. Chay Vela, J. Chi Keb. Our presentation approaches de capital topic of this session by providing a comparative bioarchaeological view of the health and living conditions of urban populations in the Peninsula of Yucatan through the centuries. To this end, we describe and compare the frequencies and severities of four stress markers (porotic hyperostosis, cribra orbitalia, periostoses and trauma), which were scored in a set of large and well-documented osteological collections from the Peninsula. These series, all of which derive from city contexts, date to the times prior to the European contact (Mayapán, Oxkintok, Nohbec, Dzibilchaltún), the colonial era (Mérida and Campeche), and the early and late 20 th century (Mérida). Founded on the individual information from the archaeological contexts or the municipal civil records, we validate the populational representativeness and socioeconomic insertion of each skeletal cohort. Discussed within their specific cultural contexts, our results provide “snapshots” of living in different cultural urban settings during Yucatan´s long history. The data show a high but changing health burden in city dwellers, illustrating the general impact that urbanism had and still has on the health and living conditions of people.

Keywords: Living conditions, carential disease, bioarchaeology, Yucatan, urbanism

Author: Tiesler, Vera (Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan, Mexico / Mexiko)
Co-Author: M. Rodríguez Pérez; S. Chay Vela; J. Chi Keb

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