7669 - Outlining the cultural entanglement caused by the early spanish presence in La Plata Basin; the case study of Sancti Spiritus Fort, 1527-1529

In addition to being the oldest fort built in the current Argentine Republic, Sancti Spiritus is a special case within the colonial process; it was brought about by the efforts of a specific individual, Sebastian Gaboto, and not by the crown under which he worked. It is therefore a prime example of the diversity came with the multidimensional colonial process promoted by the European powers, in which diverse American societies found themselves entangled.

Nevertheless, the case study that we present offers us an opportunity we consider of greater significance: analyzing the socio-cultural relationships between European and American societies during the beginnings of the process of cultural contact. The wide range of historical processes recorded in the excavations conducted at the fort allows us to examine an extensive sphere of interaction, beginning in the pre-colonial period, taking the brief colonial period, continuing with the reoccupation of the area by the local societies, and arriving at the present day.

By analyzing the material culture produced during these processes, we have the unique opportunity to evaluate the pace at which a social network is woven; evolving within an extremely specific physical space which has been subjected to highly dynamic cultural processes over the course of an extensive time scale.

Keywords: Cuenca del Plata, Contacto Cultural, Fuerte, Colonización

Author: AZKARATE, Agustin (GPAC (UPV-EHU), Fundación ZAIN Fundazioa, Spain / Spanien)
Co-Author: ESCRIBANO RUIZ, Sergio (GPAC (UPV-EHU), Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain / Spanien); SÁNCHEZ PINTO, Iban; BENEDET, Verónica (GPAC (UPV-EHU), Vitoria-Gasteiz, Austria / Österreich)


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