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7449 - Basque Transatlantic Fishing in the Colonial Universe. A Paradigmatic Example of Multi-Cultural Interaction

Several decades have passed since the first archaeological research on Basque fishing in Canada was conducted. This paper commences with a brief historiographic overview of the studies with the aim of providing a frame of reference for our work. We then proceed to study the interpretive models that have developed from the earliest stages of the research. A critical review of the models will provide with a historical framework that reflects the main periods of Basque occupation in Canada, as well as the exploitation models developed by Basque employers and fishermen from the beginning of their transatlantic adventure until the final decline.

After arriving at a brief historiographic synthesis and inferring a current explicatory model, we will explore one of the most notable features of our case study: the complex system of interrelations that developed from the Basques' presence in Canada. To this end, we study the process of cultural contact that took place in a global and dynamic scenario, focussing our attention on the relationships that developed between the cultures that lived in western Canada, and also on the cultural contacts between the various groups of Europeans. As a final exercise, we evaluate the Basque enterprise in Canada in reference to the colonization so actively undertaken by the leading European powers.

Palavras-chaves: BASQUE FISHERIES, CULTURAL INTERACTION, LOCAL SOCIETIES, COLONIZATION

Autores: AZKARATE, Agustin (GPAC (UPV-EHU), Fundación ZAIN FUndazioa, Spain / Spanien)
Co-Autores: ESCRIBANO RUIZ, Sergio (GPAC (UPV-EHU), Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain / Spanien)

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