3523 - Exploring Ecologically Informed Models of Culture Change in the Americas: Predicting Pace and Pattern of Change Across Two Continents

This paper demonstrates how large-scale archaeological patterns of adaptive change in hunting-gathering and agricultural subsistence economies relate to some of the variables in Binford’s (2001) hunter-gatherer and environmental frames of reference, such as effective temperature and dependence on aquatic resources. Both simple theoretical models and projections based on regression equations are used to map expectations for the pace and pattern of change across North and South America. Case studies from North and South America demonstrate how archaeologists can use models like these to advance our knowledge of the pattern and process of cultural evolutionary change.

Keywords: cultural evolution, process, hunter-gatherer, agriculture, Americas

Author: Johnson, Amber (Truman State University, Ud States of Am / USA)


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