5359 - Archaeology and processes of change in the Highlands of Argentina: A study case from Pastos Grandes and Pocitos, Puna of Salta

The aim of this paper is to analyze regional patterns of change in the use of faunal resources, the use of space and the technology, regarding the comparative study of two areas in the Andean highlands. Specifically, this research was carried out in Pocitos and Pastos Grandes, in the Puna of Salta, Argentina, at an average altitude of 4000 meters. The theoretical frame is evolutionary, complementing models of human behavioral ecology and the theory of cultural transmission. From these models it is predicted a change in human adaptations related to changing ecological and social conditions. The chronology spans along the Holocene, but the emphasis is on contexts of the Middle Holocene and early Late Holocene. During this chronology there were changes related to the domestication of camelids and expansion of new technologies. Anyway, just around 2000 BP it is stabilized a new economic niche based on herding and hunting. The results are analyzed in the meso-scale but are discussed regarding the macro-regional evidence of south-central Andes

Keywords: Archaeology, Evolution, Argentina

Author: López, Gabriel (CONICET, Argentina / Argentinien)


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