6957 - The trajectories and the troubles of the air transport in Brazil: the present-day challenges

Up against the different perspectives of the Brazilian air transport analysis, it stands out that this service has been known a constant growth. Brazil is the 4 th bigger domestic market of the commercial aviation and it has the 2 nd bigger airport network worldwide and this potential needs policies which promote this airway capacity. These facts run into questions that concern with the concessions of the airports to the private sector, because of some corresponding facts, specially the realization of sportive events, as the World Cup in 2014 and the Olympic Games, in 2016. The air transport is a highly dependent service field of investments that can be made by the private. However, it doesn’t mean “ to hand over ” the airline industry neither to the free private action nor to the market, but “to integrate” the demand and the offer (the private is interested in investing and to exploiting the sector and it means the need of the investment). In this context, the field expresses itself to the emergence of the organization of its air transportation system to the future events and the Government has undertaken some policies that converge to the airport privatizations proposals, answering the readjustment needs of the airports. Nevertheless, first of all is indispensable the definition of the proposals, and the identification of the difficulties, recognizing its fails, hidden by the regulator entities . In this regard, the presence of the private contributes to accelerate the growth in the economic field, through a concession policy that is not disseminated by the privatizations. From these observations, we propose the debate of the airway concessions policies in Brazil; we aim to understand the dynamic regulatory and administrative of the policies performed face the present-day challenges.

Keywords: Air transport; Brazil; Government; concessions; privatizations.

Author: Camilo Pereira, Ana Paula (Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil / Brasilien)


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