6503 - Constructing Fascist Enemies and Antifascist Alliances in the Cold War: The Politics of Chilean Exile in the German Democratic Republic (GDR)

Between 1970 and 1989, the German Democratic Republic (GDR) provided generous support to the Chilean left and to exiles who left Chile after the 1973 “fascist” military coup. GDR-Chile solidarity represented a useful political tool in East German politics. Solidarity also fortified the exiles’ political campaigns to end dictatorship and re-direct the politics of the Chilean left. References to the urgent political task of anti-fascist mobilization became a powerful instrument in the formation of a relationship of mutual interest and shared benefit. This study uses the construction of fascist enemies and the references to fascism by German and Chilean lefts to examine the nature of the political alliances leaders of the left constructed in the course of the Cold War. While both Chileans and Germans claimed to mobilize to fight fascism, their discourses and subsequent actions allow us to see unity as well as divisions in their views of proper leftist political practice.

Keywords: Chilean left, antifascism, exile politics

Author: Pieper Mooney, Jadwiga (University of Arizona, Ud States of Am / USA)


University of Vienna | Dr.-Karl-Lueger-Ring 1 | 1010 Vienna | T +43 1 4277 17575