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5029 - Europeans at the Altar in São Paulo Coffee Economy (1860-1930)

This paper discusses marriage patterns in a typical city of the São Paulo state coffee economy between 1860 and 1930. It takes these patterns as an indicator of ethnic strength and assimilation among European immigrants in local society. Founded in 1857 and located in the provinces of São Paulo state , São Carlos initially developed its economic activities (cattle raising and sugarcane plantations) using slaves brought from other areas of Brazil. However, from the 1880s onwards, following the spread of coffee plantations in the region, São Carlos began to receive large contingents of European immigrants. By analyzing 15,011 parish marriage records, this study presents the evolution of marriage preferences among different European groups, which along with white and black Brazilians, formed a population estimated at 60,000 individuals in 1930. Since Italians made up the majority of these immigrants, this paper also discusses their endogamy patterns, assessed according to different regions of their home country. The paper argues that the national origin was very influent regarding marriage choices at least until the end of the twenties. The gathered data indicate that the first two generations of immigrant origin that lived in São Carlos until the Great Depression were very resistant to the process of assimilation, regarding marriage patterns.

Palavras-chaves: European migration, endogamy, ethnicity, coffee economy, São Paulo

Autores: Truzzi, Oswaldo (Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCar), Brazil / Brasilien)

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