7736 - The Azulejeros during the Reign of the Philipps, an history of transfers

The Philipps represents a complex and problematic period in which attraction and repulsion reflect the political, cultural and artistic history. This political conjecture did not preclude the apparition of important artistic contributions. Decorative arts, common to both kingdoms, like the azulejo , are also emblematics. The union of both kingdoms under the authority of Philipp II in 1580 led to an easier circulation of artists, artisans, craftsmen and material like engravings which would be the source of many models and inspiration. These transfers of knowlegde and techniques suggest and suppose to focus on the wokshops and their way of organisation. Analysing the azulejo through the migration of azulejeros and their organisation thanks to the Livro de regimentos dos oleiros de Lisboa , could reveal new perspectives and approaches of this social category. Morevover, the lack of artists in Lusitanian workshops during the reign of the Philipps could be explained by the fact that the Court moved from Lisboa to Madrid, provoking the settlement of many Portuguese artistans in Castile, looking for patrons and commissions. Aesthetic transfers, iconological borrowings, materials, techniques and circulations of artists are many dimension that have to be considered to better understand the artistic evolution of the azulejo during a specific and paradoxical period.

Keywords: Philipps, artists, azulejo, transfers

Author: Ventura, Céline (Institut National d'Histoire de l'Art, France / Frankreich)


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