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11481 - AN ORGANIZATION ON MISSION: THE INTERACTIONS BETWEEN ILO EXPERTS AND POLICY-MAKERS IN THE DIFFUSION OF LABOR STANDARDS TOWARDS LATIN AMERICA (1919-1939).

Different currents of research have analyzed the history of the origin and the growth of welfare states especially in Europe. Beside national and comparative approaches, some research have recently underlined the importance of the circulations of ideas and actors in the global diffusion of social policies. The transnational approach shows in particular that national orientations are frequently shaped at the international level. Thus transnational actors facilitate the adoption of reforms on the national scene. The participation since 1919 of Latin American states to the activities of the International labor Organization (ILO) allows to question the role of this organization in the national modernization process. Thus, we propose to analyze the role of the ILO experts in the diffusion of international labor standards towards Latin America during the inter-war period, by focusing on the technical assistance missions sent to Venezuela between 1936 and 1939. These missions, considered as vectors of diffusion, constitute privileged instruments of exchange and interactions, not to say confrontations and oppositions between international experts and national policy-makers. On the one hand, this contribution will show how these missions are organized in order to understand how the ILO and its experts managed to channel public action in the reform process. On the second hand and relying on important private correspondences and mission reports, we will be able to study the daily work of the international experts, in order to evaluate the kind of expertise they are giving, the interactions with policy-makers, the way the models are reshaped and the strategies expended by the ILO experts to insure the diffusion of their standards. Finally we will seek to understand the function of the technical mission in the modernization process of Latin American societies by questioning the legitimacy of international experts to produce an expertise.

Palabras claves: international organizations, diffusion of models, reception of models, modernization

Autores: Plata, Véronique (Université de Genève, Switzerland / Schweiz)

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