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11983 - Transnational Anarchism and Working-Class Radicalism in Northern Peru: 1898-1930

Between the 1890s and the late 1920s anarchism flourished in three geographic zones in Peru: the metropolitan area encompassing Lima and Callao, the southern highland region centered on the Arequipa-Cuzco-Puno axis, and the northern coast from Trujillo to Piura. This paper examines the understudied anarchist movement in the northern departments of La Libertad, Lambayeque, and Piura. In particular, it analyzes the linkages and interactions between Peru’s anarchist press and workers’ organizations along the northern coast and European and Latin American anarchist and anarcho-syndicalist movements. In so doing, it shows that anarchism in northern Peru was profoundly shaped by personal, organizational, financial, and ideological connections with transnational anarchism. Moreover, it argues that transnational anarchism was instrumental in fostering working-class radicalism among urban and rural workers in the northern zone. This radicalism consisted of an internationalist and anti-imperialist outlook, an opposition to State modernizing projects, the formation of a worker-peasant alliance, and the promotion of a counter-hegemonic working-class culture. The paper draws on previously untapped anarchist publications, private correspondences, union records, and government documents.

Autores: Hirsch, Steven (University of Pittsburgh-Greensburg, Ud States of Am / USA)

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