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5043 - Cosmopolitan Gentlemen. José Mariano Macedo and the Transatlantic Networks of Late-Nineteenth Century Peruvian Archaeology

Archaeological practice in Latin America has long been viewed in relation to identity formation and nationalism. In fact, however, in Peru at least, the nation-state was conspicuously absent from nineteenth-century antiquarian discourses and practices before the state-based institutionalization of the discipline of archaeology during the early-twentieth century. Intellectual curiosity, an appreciation of pre-Columbian aesthetics, European codes of bourgeois sociability, and the prestige of belonging to a gentlemanly Republic of Letters that stretched across the Atlantic, were some of the forces that inspired men and women in Lima to collect and study antiquities. It was only in their interaction with scholars abroad that antiquaries also invoked patriotic concepts, their intimacy with indigeneity, and their ‘love and devotion to the relics of my ancestors’. Focusing on the Lima antiquary José Mariano Macedo (1823-1894) and his far-flung scholarly networks in the city of Lima and across the Atlantic World, this paper examines how in the case of Peru’s antiquaries, assertions about cultural authenticity, a sense of difference from European intellectual traditions, and notions of an imagined genealogy from the pre-Columbian past materialized through rather than despite global encounters. In conjunction with the panel’s premise, then, this paper reveals how encounters not only transcended borders, but also engendered them at the same time.

Palabras claves: Peru, Archaeology, Cosmopolitanism

Autores: Gänger, Stefanie (Free University Berlin/ University of Constance, Germany / Deutschland)

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