12130 - Intellectual Roots of Argentine¿s Organic Nationalism and Corporatism

he first Peronist regime (1946-1952) has left a lasting impact in Argentina’s politics. One of these reasons is the Peronist synthesis of workers mobilization on the one hand and political authoritarianism on the other. For several observers, this is the reason why Argentina has never developed a modern brand of social institutionalized democracy. The very idea of social justice in Argentina indeed, was always associated to the Peronist brand of authoritarian populism, under its different configurations.

This paper traces the ideological basis of this formula, focusing in the differences and encounters of two brands of anti liberal nationalism developing in the 1930s during an era defined as the infamous decade because of economic and political dependency on Great Britain. We argue that at that era integral Catholic nationalist and left wing populists found a common political language. The article claims that despite ideological differences both brands found a common ground in their attack on liberal democracy, in their support for historical revisionism and in their critic of cultural and economic imperialism. Both brands set the ground for a synthesis of authoritarianism and populism that was later developed by Peronism.

Keywords: Peronism, Argentine, left populism, organic nationalism, authoritarianism

Author: Spektorowski, Alberto (Tel-Aviv University, Israel / Israel)


University of Vienna | Dr.-Karl-Lueger-Ring 1 | 1010 Vienna | T +43 1 4277 17575