3648 - Political and scientific networks and the exile of ethnohistorian Paul Kirchhoff (1900-1972).

Franz Boas once called Paul Kirchhoff the "promise of the new german generation". This was before the nazi seized power in Germany. Kirchhoff and his wife, Johanna Faulhaber, were political leftist and in fact, from 1930-1931 were members of the German Communist Party and indulged in militant activities in Berlin, where Kirchhoff had worked as assistant to Karl Theodor Preuss at the Berlin Ethnological Museum. At the beginning of 1932 they left for Great Britain where he attended Bronislaw Malinowski lectures, who recommended him for work in Africa. This was denied on grounds of political non-desired activies and the Kirchhoffs survived in Ireland and then in Paris, where he collaborated with Paul Rivet at the Ethnological Museum. In 1935 Kirchhoff suceeded to be accepted for work with the Ethnological Commision of the university museum at Philadelphia, probably by Boas recommendation. By the end of 1936 he left for Mexico where he resided until his death, cofounded what later became the National School of Anthropology and History in 1937. In Mexico, his work had a general impact on paradigms of anthropology and archaeology. In 1939, on occasion of the International Congress of Americanists celebrated in Mexico City, Kirchhoff and his wife learned from their german colleagues Walter Krickeberg and Hermann Trimborn, that they had lost their german nationality.  

The paper proposes a brief recount of Kirchhoff`s early exile and the scientific networks that occasionally came to be instrumental in his academic survival and travels.          

Palavras-chaves: exile, Paul Kirchhoff, history of anthropology, scientific networks

Autores: Rutsch, Mechthild (Instituto Nacional de Antropologìa e Historia, Mexico / Mexiko)


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