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12126 - Fascism, Corporatism and Political Institutions in Interwar Dictatorships

Mikail Manoilesco, one of the most quoted authoritarian intellectual of the interwar period stressed in 1936, that between the political creations of the 20th century “there are two that enriched in a definitive way human heritage (…): corporatism and the single party”. To each of these new institutions he dedicated a book, hardling knowing, in 1936, that both were going to survive well to the era of fascism and, particularly the second, will become one of the most enduring instruments of dictatorships.

A central ideal of corporatist thinkers was to recognize the organic nature of society in the political and economic sphere and in the Interwar period Corporatism permeates the 3 main political families of the authoritarian political right: Catholics Parties, Radical Right royalists and fascists, not to speak of the Durkheimian Solidariste version and ideologies of “technical governments”. Royalist and republicans, technocrats, fascists or social Catholics did share “a notable degree of common ground on views about democracy and representation” and on the project of a functional representation as an alternative to liberal democracy established in a number of authoritarian regimes in the twentieth century.

In this paper we will deal with political corporatism. We look at the vast spectrum of interwar dictatorships and its corporatist institutions as agents of “hybridization” that will survive well the era of fascism.

Palavras-chaves: Mihail Manoilesco, corporativism, catholic social doctrine, authoritarianism, fascism

Autores: Costa Pinto, Antonio (Institute of Social Science, United Kingdom/Ver Königr)

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