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7565 - VIDA E MORTE DA CRIANÇA INDIGENA NOS PRIMEIROS ANOS DA REPÚBLICA BRASILEIRA: ENTRE A EXPANSÃO DAS FERROVIAS E O SERVIÇO DE PROTEÇÃO AOS ÍNDIOS

Historiographical production in Brazil has pictured the social constitution of the childhood from the relations between education and work, between civilizatory ideal and the child to be shaped for the construction of a Brazilian nation. Brazilian childhood has been object of study for countless researchers who aim for giving visibility to children as historical subjects. Its symbolical universe, cultural production specially designed for it, it's objective and subjective place in society have inspired relevant works in the context of Philosophy and History of the Childhood. However, researchers highlight that studies about indigene children are nearly inexpressive in the academic context. We have noticed in our studies that the discussions and interventions in favor of the urban, civilized or "civilizable" and "teachable for work" childhood, which were already object of the Code of the Underage in the twenties, only affected the indigene childhood late. If childhood is a concept invented in modernity, for indigene children this invention came very late in comparison to other Brazilian childhoods. The registers of the indigene outposts along by the railroad on West of São Paulo, on the beginning of the 20th century, tell us about a scenario of life and death without any care or effective existence as a person and as a problem to be solved. The situation of the Brazilian indigene childhood in the first years of the Republic is rather summarized in not constituting itself as a question but as objetct of pacification and framing. The silence and indifference over the indigene underage in the diaries of the Protection Service for the Indian People, researched by us, reveal the historical, civic and scientific invisibility of this childhood, not even valued as future workforce at the railroad. What has remained are some footnotes in the diaries of the Protection Service for the Indian People in which it is affirmed, as well as concealed, the abandon, the torture and death.

Palavras-chaves: História da Infância. Era Ferroviária. Serviço de Proteção aos Índios. Infância indígena e educação

Autores: SOARES DOS SANTOS BATISTA, SUELI (CENTRO PAULA SOUZA, Brazil / Brasilien)

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