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4274 - Visual performance of Power in New Spain: The acclamation of King Philip V and Prince Luis Fernando in Santiago de Querétaro

On April 7, 1709 Luis Fernando, eldest son and successor of King Philip V, was sworn in as Prince of Asturias. The news came to Spanish dominions in America a few months later. In October, the Duke of Alburquerque, Viceroy of New Spain, ordered that this good news "should be notorious in the district of these kingdoms" and to conduct the corresponding signs of "common joy". The city of Santiago de Querétaro was among the largest municipalities of New Spain to show that joy at such a happy event. Although in 1701 the new Spanish king Philip V had been sworn in at the viceregal capital, Mexico City, this solemnity still remained to be done in the city of Querétaro eight years later. The news of the Prince of Asturias´ oath gave municipal authorities in Querétaro the opportunity to correct this unfortunate mistake with a large event consisting of a double celebration. According to the pomp and solemnity required, the city held, at once, the acclamation of the first Spanish king of the Bourbon dynasty and his heir with a public display of affection and loyalty. These exultant celebrations, which lasted several days in early November 1710, became a visual and solemn performance of power and society in Colonial Querétaro.

This paper focuses on the unpublished description of this event and explores, through artistic, cultural and political elements of the acclamation, the visual manifestation of power, governance and society in early 18th-century New Spain. The paper, therefore, establishes a comparative study with other contemporary acclamations of Philip V in the Americas and their corresponding descriptions.

Palavras-chaves: New Spain, Querérato, acclamation, Philip V, power.

Autores: GORDO PELAEZ, LUIS (The University of Texas at Austin, Ud States of Am / USA)

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