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8286 - Perspectives of world revolution in Latin America at the end of the 1920ies

At the end of the 1920ies, many Latin America revolutionaries wanted to follow the example of the Russian revolution of 1917 by overthrowing the established order of dependent capitalism in their "semicolonial" countries. Their political activities based on this hope were perceived as a credible threat by their Conservative and Liberal opponents. The paper examines the reasons of this identical conviction that revolution was possible at a given historical moment, in the context of Comintern theory and practice as well as in the ideology of those who aspired to stifle the Communist menace.

This constellation will be examined in detail by studying the Colombian example on the basis of documents from the Moscow Comintern archives and of the Archives of Ignacio Rengifo who was Colombian Minister of War during the massacre of strikers in the banana zone of Santa Marta in 1928. It will be asked whether the exaggerated perception of imminent revolution contributed both to the failure of early Colombian Communism and the defeat of Conservative anticommunists by their Liberal adversaries.

Keywords: World revolution, Comintern, Colombia, Conservative anticommunism

Author: Meschkat, Klaus (Universität Hannover, Germany / Deutschland)

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