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6741 - The hidden and recorded (shown in the documents) legal developement of German civil aviation in European and transnational dimension between 1919-1933

Germany lost WW I. The former winners, who’s signatures are left on the pages the Versailles Treaty, have tried to deny the german naval and military aviation. The paragraphs of the Treaty of Versailles were prohibiting Germans to have the militaty aviation, but did not take any sanctions on the civil air activities. Sanctions of the Treaty were reflecting quite an obsolete view considering the reality of the world in the 20’s. Their view was rather horizontal and seemed not to perceive the vertical air dimension of the so- called „Luftozean”. This became the point of breakthrough for the Germans. The German airspace was free to be used by the former winners on the principle of reciprocity. The Paris Air Agreement 1925-26 has cancelled the restrictions on Germany to produce their aircrafts, stipulating that they mustn’t be used for any military purpose.

Pondering the history from this point of view, the revision of the Treaty of Versailles took effects just 7 years after the assignment of the Treaty in 1919! Lufthansa Airways has been established in 1926. Persistent work, using plenty of energy and money Lufthansa has established in February of 1934 the world’s first scheduled intercontinental transatlantic air route, equipped with german aircrafts and zeppelins.

Keywords: aviation, german, transatlantic, transnationalism

Author: Deak, Mate (innovation manager, Hungary / Ungarn)

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