10503 - A look of favelados on the police: issues of violence, disregard and citizenship

In Brazil, the 1988 Constitution brought the institutionalization of the citizen rights and the acknowledgment of its universal applicability. In this perspective, emerged the need for reflection on the part of police institutions and the change in its proceedings paradigm in an attempt to adapt the State conduct to the expectation and demands of a democratic society. Since then, the challenge is to transform the perspective of violence, abuse and disregard of the rights of a socioeconomically vulnerable group. Studies show that the law enforcement and its procedure in regard to a part of the society represent a risk to the social and civil rights stated on the Constitution.

In Rio de Janeiro, projects inspired in the philosophy of Community Policing have been implemented in a few favelas of the city. One of the purposes of these initiatives is to reformulate the historical pattern of the relations between the agents of public safety and the dwellers of slum areas, trying to guarantee them respect to their rights.

This paper presents the vision of the dwellers of two favelas of Rio de Janeiro – Pavão-Pavãozinho e Cantagalo – on the police institutions and on the interaction of Community Policing units. Both places, during the last decade, received two projects of community policing: GPAE e UPP. The narratives gathered on the operation of these units reveal local concepts of citizenship, expectations on the change of the relations with the police and demands for respect and acknowledgment of their rights.

The presented data result from a research based on an eight-year ethnographic field work.

Keywords: Favelas, violence, citizenship

Author: Cardoso, Marcus (Center for Studies on Violence and Security -UnB-BR, Brazil / Brasilien)


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