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8645 - ¿Why human rights in current Mexico are more threatened than before?

Mexico’s authoritarian regimen has been under a long-term political liberalization, started in the late eighties of the 20th Century. Regarding the human rights arena, and the policing of protest, this process has been highly contradictory: on the one hand, there has been an almost permanent transformation of the institutional framework aimed to protect human rights (new laws, international treatises, and new institutions have been created), on the other, there has been and a permanent and increasing violation of human rights, particularly those of the social and political activist. To worsen this situation, in the more recent years, the declared war against drug trafficking (and organized crime), have caused thousands of deaths and more human rights’ violations, and now the administration attempts to issue a new law on national security. This paper aims to present and detailed reconstruction of this contradictory process, in order to examine to what extent the current regime-liberalization has implied a change in the nature of policing and in the general understanding of security. It will address the topic from the perspective of the interaction between collective action and political structures, paying special attention to the judicial system.

Palabras claves: human rights, social mobilization, political liberalization, judicial suystem, authoritarianism

Autores: favela, margarita (CeIICH-UNAM, Mexico / Mexiko)

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