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9154 - Policing for segregated areas and people in Buenos Aires ¿How to protect without stigmatizing?

As government emphasizes, a new paradigm of policing has been designed and applied during the last months in Argentina, one which could mainly be view in Buenos Aires city. It was announced as Plan Cinturón Sur and justified as the way to give security to the most segregated people of the city. This Plan it is supposed to radically change the way security forces operate in the south area of Buenos Aires, displacing from the street patrolling the police force ( Policía Federal Argentina ) that traditionally used to give security there and giving control of it to military forces in charge of internal security ( Gendarmeria Nacional y Prefectura ). The south area was identified by the government as the place where the most crowded shanty towns of Buenos Aires are settled. These are also seen by the public opinion as the most dangerous places and the source of violent crime that also spread along other neighborhoods. This paper is going to analyze which are the main policing strategies that this Plan displays to protect the rights and give security to the more segregated people and how police forces afford those social tendencies to stigmatize and to reproduce inequality in the field of security. The research in which it is based follows an ethnographic approach about police practice and knowledge for action.

Keywords: policing, ethnography, security, social segregation, Argentine.

Author: Frederic, Sabina (CONICET-Universidad Nacional de Quilmes, Argentina / Argentinien)

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