10367 - Mood and modality in K¿iche¿ Maya

In this paper I explore the concept of mood and modality in K’iche’, a Mayan language spoken in the highlands of Guatemala. The study of mood and modality in indigenous languages of the Americas is still in its infancy but promises to make a valuable contribution to the typological study of these categories (see LUCL 2010). The study of modality in Quichean languages has so far mostly been focused on mood categories within the verbal complex (dependent status markers, or imperatives, for example), while neglecting modality as expressed through other grammatical and/or lexical categories. K’iche’, for example, employs a series of modal particles, some of which show relationships to deictic words, which are still poorly understood in terms of meaning and use. Available standard reference grammars of K’iche’ (Mondloch 1982; López Ixcoy 1997, for example) hardly address questions of these modal particles at all. In this paper I will present an overview of the various categories that convey the concepts of mood and modality in K’iche’. Drawing on new work on modality in Quichean languages from Kockelmann (2004 (Q’eqchi) and Shoaps (Sakapulteko) I will especially address how modal categories play out at of pragmatics References: Kockelmann, Paul 2004 Stance and Subjectivity. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 14,2: 127-150 López Ixcoy, Candelaria Dominga 1997 Ri ukemiik ri k'ichee' chii'. Gramática k'ichee'. Guatemala, Guatemala Editorial Cholsamaj LUCL 2010 workshop on “Mood and modality in the indigenous languages of the Americas”, March 25-26, 2010. Leiden University Centre for Linguistics Mondloch, James L 1978 Basic Quiche Grammar. SUNY, Albany, Institute for Mesoamerican Studies Shoaps, Robin 2007 “MORAL IRONY”: Modal particles, moral persons and indirect stance-taking in Sakapultek Discourse. Pragmatics 17,2: 297-335

Keywords: K'iche' Maya, mood, modality

Author: Sattler, Mareike (Vanderbilt University, United States of America)


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