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4726 - Person Marking in South Eastern Huastec (Mayan, Mexico): Tripartite and Hierarchical

While the person indexation system of the Mayan languages is typically ergative, the South Eastern Huastec (Ethnologue code HSF) has developed an original person marking. There are three sets of person marking in HSF: set I (Ergative) markers  encode the Agents of transitive verbs and a Possessor of nouns; set II (Absolutive) marks the Subjects of intransitive and detransitivised verbs, as well as the Subject of equative constructions (non-verbal predicates); set III (transitive agreement)  encode either the Agent or the Patient, according to complex rules that are sensitive to a hierarchy of person 1 > 2 > 3, and a part of possession domain.<S></S>

 

So far the HSF person marking system was regarded as an ergative system with portmanteau personal markers (Robertson 1992 , McQuown 1984, Ochoa Peralta 1984, Edmonson 1988, Constable 1989), or as an ergative system with en embedded inverse alignment system (Zavala 1993). In this talk, based on new data that I collected during a 12 months long fieldwork between 2007 and 2011, I will propose a new approach in terms of a tripartite alignment system transitive person markers sensitive to a person hierarchy.

Keywords: Person Marking

Author: Kondic, Ana (University of Sydney, France / Frankreich (FRA))

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