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3750 - Multiplicity of solutions regarding the number in Tupi-Guarani languages

In Tupi-Guarani languages a unique plural form cannot be found (Jensen, 1999:151). Recent studies have made a more accurate analysis of plural phenomenon possible. This paper traces out a first overview of the main elements that take part in the expression of number in Tupi-Guarani languages. It will investigate the similarities and differences – both semantic and functional – in the expression of number in several Tupi-Guarani languages. A brief panorama of some languages will be given, including upcoming field data on Sirionó. Also, we will describe morphemes taking part in the expression of number, as it was defined by Corbett (2000). We will focus on two grammatical classes: verbs and nouns. Regarding verbs we will see a specific realization of verbal plurality in the reduplication process with a three-layered opposition: morphological (mono vs. disyllabic reduplication), syntactical (transitive vs. intransitive dynamic verbs) and semantic (internal plural vs. external plural). The latter, with the help of Cusic's concepts (1981), enables a new analysis of verbal plurality or pluractionality (Newman, 1990). A shared reduplication process will be noticed, with a primacy of morphological oppositions, in most cases. Regarding nouns we will observe some morphemes which appear to be shared in a large scale of Tupi-Guarani languages, with differences in meaning inside number domain.

Palavras-chaves: tupi-guarani, number, plurality, reduplication, siriono

Autores: Gasparini, Noé (Université Lumière Lyon 2, France / Frankreich)

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