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5186 - The rhythm in Tikuna revisited

In this work, we revisit the rhythm in Tikuna, a language spoken by a large number of natives throughout an extensive area which encompasses three different countries: Brazil, Peru and Colombia. On the Brazilian side, there is a large amount of Tikuna communities, located in different regions of the State of Amazonas. In the last years, the Tikuna natives who reside on the Brazilian side, have achieved political strength and have found other means of expression, manifested , for instance, through political texts and through artistic skills.

Based on Soares’ (1991, 1992 and 1999) treatment of Tikuna rhythm, our aims here are, among others: (i) to discuss the role of some physical parameters, such as loudness, duration and pitch, in the native speakers’ perception of their languages’ melodic contour; (ii) to explore the rules of rhythm in Tikuna; and (iii) to examine the rhythmic patterns in order to contribute to theoretical Linguistics and to search for regularities linked to an ( ethno- ) historical context in the discourse domain. This latter is mainly important in that it can help us come up with a reflection about the connection between the so-called traditional discourse and the rhythmic possibilities manifested in recent discursive expressions.

Palavras-chaves: Tikuna, rhythm, rhythm patterns, phonetics, phonology, discourse

Autores: Facó Soares, Marília (Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro-Museu Nacional (UFRJ-MN), Brazil / Brasilien)

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