4829 - Regime-Hybridity in Colombia ¿ What have the FARC learned from this?

There exists a broad conceptual spectrum through which the nature of the political regime in Colombia is defined in the literature. It ranges from "full democracy" to "authoritarianism" and even "fascism". However, within this spectrum characterizations such as "defective democracy" or "semi-democracy" dominate. This paper will argue that the notion, "regime hybridity," most adequately captures the character of the current Colombian regime (including under the presidency of Juan Manuel Santos) especially because hybrid regimes can contain democratic and authoritarian segments as well non-democratic segments, which in turn may be non-authoritarian and which can also clearly be operationalized. The paper then turns to consideration of political regimes in Colombia which are represented by the country’s most significant remaining active guerrilla movement, the FARC. It is assumed that it is difficult for guerrillas to conduct an "anti regime war" (AKUF) in a country whose regime is not authoritarian. Here it should be investigated if the FARC have changed their position in relation to the character of the existing political regimes, but also their own concept concerning alternatives to the existing political regime (and the intermediate stages there). It will be shown whether and to what extent a relevant learning process has taken place within the FARC, which offers a starting point for finding a second-best solution, enabling compromise to achieve peace.

Keywords: Colombia, Regime-Hybridity, Learning processes, FARC

Author: Zinecker, Heidrun (University of Leipzig, Institute of Political Sciences, Germany / Deutschland)


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