4164 - Cuba and the Sino-Soviet Dispute

consolidation in each of these revolutionary regimes shared many commonalities. The national state became powerful and centralized. The regimes also confiscated foreign enterprises, seized landed estates, and mobilized the peasant and workers to defend the revolution from hostile foreign powers. In the 1960s, all three regimes considered the United States to be their primary enemy, Cuba existing just 90 miles away from this “imperialist” power. Despite sharing revolutionary origins, unity of purpose did not characterize the tripartite relationship between these three regimes in the 1960s. Why did three revolutionary regimes find it so difficult to find common purpose, despite being surrounded by capitalist enemies and their client states?

Cuba as the most recent revolution would have preferred not to align itself to either side in the Sino-Soviet Rift, which broke into the open at the end of 1960. Fidel Castro wished to benefit from the patronage of both the Soviets and the Chinese. Only when Cuba’s concerted efforts to “export revolution” finally ended in failure in 1967 did Fidel Castro have to make a pragmatic rather than ideological bargain with the USSR.

Keywords: USSR, PRC, Cuba, 1960s

Author: Jonathan, Brown (University of Texas at Austin, Ud States of Am / USA)


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