4770 - Revolutionary Foreign Policy: The Latin American Cases

My paper will be part of the panel, "Revolutionary Foreign Policy: The Latin American Cases," The Prospectus for the panel: Latin American revolutions in the twentieth century have had a difficult time consolidating their governments and instituting social and economic reforms for numerous reasons. Each of the four social revolutions, Mexico in 1910, Bolivia in 1952, and Cuba in 1959, and Nicaragua in 1979, have had to confront investors from more industrialized countries who feared loss of capital and markets. Moreover, neighboring governments and armies have worried about the example of successful revolutions nearby spreading unrest in their own countries. Finally, the last two revolutions (Cuba and Nicaragua) intervened in the already difficult East-West confrontation between the Western nations and the Sino-Soviet bloc countries, introductions Cold War tensions to inter-American relations. Revolutionaries in Latin America have also had to confront the adamant opposition from their own countries who receive outside assistance and/or who migrate abroad to pursue the counterrevolution. It goes without saying that the United States has deployed its diplomatic and military forces against revolutions, except for the case of Bolivia where its actions were more subtle, but no less direct. My paper is titled: "Bolivia's Constrained Revolution: Dealing with Dependency," with the term "dealing" having a double meaning as I look at ways Bolivia worked to open space for its revolutionary program.

Author: Lehman, Ken (Hampden-Sydney College, Ud States of Am / USA)


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