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8057 - THE BOLIVARIAN REVOLUTION: ELEMENTS AND NATURE OF ITS FOREIGN POLICY (1999-2011)

Latin America held several revolutions throughout the twentieth century, a process that deeply influenced the history of the region . In the eve of the XXI century, in Venezuela came to power, by peaceful and electoral means , a government that looks at itself as a revolutionary. According to political theory and the theory of international relations, there are good arguments to consider it as such; between these elements are his speech , ideology, model of state reform and foreign policy. Regarding this last point , it is possible to identify the aspects that allow considering the foreign policy of the Bolivarian Revolution as mainly typical of a revolutionary regime . In this regard, it is necessary to mention its strong commitment to changing power relations among several states, as well as the patterns of interstate understanding in the Americas; its constant ideological rhetoric ; its new system of alliances; and the use of available resources for achieving certain political objectives. This paper aims to determine the revolutionary character of the regime's foreign policy of Hugo Chávez, by analyzing the elements ( internal and external objectives, rhetoric, resource use, patterns of conflict) that show it that way .

Keywords: Venezuela, Revolución Bolivariana, Política Exterior.

Author: Martinez Meucci, Miguel Angel (Universidad Simon Bolivar, Venezuela / Venezuela)

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