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9241 - SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY IN BRAZIL: CHANGES WITH THE NEOLIBERALISM ADVENT AND THE ROLE OF RESEARCH COMMUNITY

The arrival of neoliberalism in Latin America produced significantly changes in the local governments. In Brazil the neoliberalism was established relatively late compared to other countries in the region. However has influenced considerably the set of public policies - among then, the Science and Technology Policy (STP).        

The disbelief in the role of State as the institution which should “organizer” society - one of the main points of neoliberalism -, and the reforms carried out due to this thinking, in order to achieve greater efficiency in the public sector, had strong repercussions on Science and Technology (S&T) frameworks and contributed significantly to the development of "new politics of innovation". With the neoliberalism’ advent the State and its institutions had to prove their worth and the "utility" of its expenditures. In the S&T area funding agencies and public research institutions must show producing "useful science".        

But contrary to what one might think, these changes in the rationality about the public sector were not incompatible with the changes in the S&T frameworks at that time. Rather, these changes were even more attractive to scientists in some areas, mainly those dedicated to the generation of new technologies, working collaboratively with industry. In Brazil, the innovation policies - product of this process - have become increasingly emphasized due to the research community.        

The role of the research community can be understood by the advocacy coalitions framework, since it seems to be forming a coalition between public and private actors aimed at exerting pressure (or co-opt, based on the argument of scientific authority) authorities located in various government levels. Nevertheless, unlike what is happening in developed countries this coalition is not formed by private actors and more distant from the government, as proposed by the model, but around a restricted part, although the most influential in the research community Brazil.

Palavras-chaves: Science and Technology Policy; Research community; Brazil

Autores: Bagattolli, Carolina (UNICAMP - Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Brazil / Brasilien)

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