The direct communication between the unemployment, economic and social vulnerability and growth of youth criminality, including criminality of minors, traces clearly. It gives to a problem of youth employment a special sharpness and the public importance. Especially it concerns youth of younger age which one of becomes most criminal active parts of the population.

The criminality of minors grows approximately in 6 times faster, than total number of persons in teenage age. The most crime-oriented age group is 16-17 years; this age makes three times more crimes, than 14-15 years. Thus the greatest part of crimes made by youth has property character.

The other problem was seriously designated in the last some years. It consists in complexities with youth employment, especially minor, condemned to the measures of the punishment which have been not connected with imprisonment, and also the young men who released from so called “labor colonies” or have ended teaching and educational establishments.

The teenage sector of criminality has got a steady tendency to organization and cruelty, growth of criminal relapse last years. Two thirds of crimes are made by groups and every sixth – by earlier offenders. Among the teenagers who have committed crimes, more than 50 % didn't work and didn't study.

The teenage criminality is rather independent both by kinds of criminal displays, and on a contingent of persons participating in them. Demographic characteristics, a social status, age psychological features - these and other factors leave an essential mark on character of crimes of teenagers. The specified list, predetermining possible quantitative growth of criminality of minors and its qualitative deterioration, shows that any of the named factors can't be removed by any one social institute. Interaction and coordination are an indispensable condition of successful activity on a direction of struggle against minors criminality.

Palavras-chaves: Youth, criminality, labor market

Autores: Zuev, Andrey (none, Rusian Fed/Rus Föderation)


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