8034 - Construction of new institutions and local economic development paths: a comparative analysis of Prainha do Canto Verde and Jericoacoara, Brazil

There is growing recognition in regional development studies about the importance of institutions. A ‘soft institutionalism’ predominates which is criticised for leaving out an explicit role of the State and for having a bias towards synergies and positive externalities. In this article we seek to contribute to an institutional political economy theory of local development. In the framework we bring together social and political conceptions of ‘old institutional economics’, evolutionary economics and the State is explicitly brought back into the analysis. The framework centers on the construction of new institutions as a path dependent process in which institutions (re)shape the development path of an area in a particular direction. An analitical distinction is made between the development model orienting the construction of new institutions and the pre-existing institutions which may have been created under another development model and which influence subsequent institutional choices. Different social groups struggle for control as institutions influence the structure of rights and obligations prevailing in the territory. This structure of rights and obligations is historically evolved and product of the combined social effect of institutions. Social groups have differential access to different kinds of sources of power in part resulting from the historically evolved structure of rights and obligations and other resources availableto them. The research focusses on the role of different types of catalytic entrepreneurs (business, life-style and social economy) and on civic driven collective action. We use the framework to analyze the divergent histories of two cases of local development, during nearly three decades (1980-2008) in Brasil based on tourism. Prainha do Canto Verde (PCV) followed an endogenous path and developed community-based tourism while in Jericoacoara tourism development was markedly exogenous and culminated in mass tourism. ....

Keywords: local economic development; institutionalism brasil tourism

Author: MARINA LUFT, ROSANGELA (UERJ, Brazil / Brasilien)


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