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8417 - 20 years of the Mercosur and the dream of a Latin America without borders

The Treaty of Asunción, which constituted the Mercosur, was signed on 26 March 1991, and has therefore now existed for twenty years. This marks a significant time for discussing the main advances and setbacks that have occurred on the path toward a common market. This study, therefore, aims to reconceive the notion of the State in view of globalization and regional integration, based on new paradigms of contemporary constitutionalism. The objective is to go beyond the traditional, purely economic approach, which addresses the circulation of goods, and to discuss the free movement of workers within the Mercosur. Given that immigration is a phenomenon that has led to a revised definition of space and the boundaries that separate societies, reflection on the political, economic, social and legal aspects of this topic is required. Thus, this paper reviews the free movement of people and workers within Latin America; the legal condition of foreigners and issues regarding their entry, visas, asylum and refuge; regarding the rights of foreigners admitted to the labour market, and their mandatory departure. It also proposes reflection on illegality and consequences in the scope of work relations, such as: Human trafficking, social invisibility, forced labour and work in slave-like conditions involving the violation of fundamental human and worker rights

Keywords: Treaty of Asunción. Mercosur. Regional integration.

Author: Cabral Silva, Wanise (Universidade Federal Fluminense, Brazil / Brasilien)

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