3415 - Neoliberalism and nationalism: the brazilian military new agenda.

Taking into account the military’s important role in the past industrialization of Brazil, inspired by economic nationalism, this paper pretends to answer the following question: what place is reserved for them in today’s economic thought, dominated by principles of economic neo-liberalism (though tinted it may be)? During the “desenvolvimentista” period, the military played an important role as a pressure group qualified to influence the economic policy of the Brazilian state. From the 1964 military coup onwards, as part of the small national bourgeoisie they have occupied a strategic position in government. Since then, the so called “end of the developmental and interventionist era” brought new aspects regarding the Private versus Public opposition. Our research has induced the conclusion that this opposition is highly overrated. A decrease of direct intervention, for example, such as the downsizing of public companies, may be desired by the dominant national petty bourgeoisie for reasons relating to their own project of capital accumulation, far more than the perception that these companies are contrary to the national interest. This happens especially if the state is committed to creating favorable conditions for private capital accumulation.  

Based on documents produced by the Escola Superior de Guerra ( War College ) between the years 1980-2000, mostly by the military, we intend to show how the class views the future of the Brazilian state and economy through the analysis of topics as privatization, foreign trade, Mercosul, and the Amazon region as related to the new nationalist and liberal agenda.        

Keywords: Armed Forces, Privatization, Amazonia, Liberalism, Nationalism

Author: Osorio Silva, Ligia (Instituto de Economia/UNICAMP/ Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil, Brazil / Brasilien)


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