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4465 - The Santa Cruz's Festivity on the hill of Xochitepec

This report describes and analyzes the Santa Cruz 's cult and its hill in the town of Santa Cruz Xochitepec located in the delegation of Xochimilco, which forms part of the huge one and overpopulated city of Mexico .

After remaining the cross during one year raised in the summit of the hill of Xochitepec up 2200 m .s.n.m.,in May two at six P.M. around 500 people meet in the summit where a group of more than 40 people they get it off from their pedestal and then load it in procession, taking below to the town. Without care of the day of the week it has fallen May two, the Holy Cross of the hill it remains in the town until following Monday, when it is taken again to the high of the hill. The cross is approximately a timber of encino colored green of 8 meters long. It is dressed by dozens of multicolored zendales and their weight with everything and their robe is calculated between 900 and 1000 kilos. During their stay in the town is subject of adoration and festivities like a deity itself.

The tradition of ascending to the hill is part of a ceremonial that goes back to a Meso-American cultural pattern of Prehispanic origin that has persisted along five centuries. Evidently, the rituals or current ceremonials have been nourish of other cultural and religion traditions implanted by Europe since XVI century, in which influences of the Spanish Catholicism and their colonial dominance was decisive in the current configuration.

The article highlight how the old indigenous Cosmovision of the hills and the fidelity of the atmospheric deities, still –of course reelaborated- present in the culture of the urban towns of Xochimilco through new gods, emblems and liturgies. The cross, the virgins and Christ, they reincarnate the function of the agropluvial, they are the new owners of the hills and the rains, of the health, the well-being and the crop. We are then in front of a special Mesoamerican popular agropluvial Catholicism.

Palabras claves: Cosmovisión, agropluvial, Mesoamerica, cultural pattern.

Autores: Martínez, José Luis (Instituto Mexicano de Tecnología del Agua, Mexico / Mexiko)

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