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4970 - Demographical development and changes of the socio-spatial structure of the Curitiba

The purpose of this contribution is to discuss the effects of demographical and economic transformation on the socio-spatial structure of the second-tier Brazilian city of Curitiba. In the last two decades of the twentieth century and in the first decade of the twenty-first century new factors and determinants exerted decisive influence on the development and changes of the Brazilian cities. The fundamental change of the model of economic development took place during this period. On the one hand, globalization has been argued to contribute to the social polarization, unemployment and informal employment, poverty and insecurity which later acted as a catalyst for the development of gated communities and strong fragmentation of urban space. On the other hand, recent studies and statistics of the social and economic development of Curitiba revealed that the planning policy, city marketing and promotional campaigns led to the success which resulted in industrial development and brought with it unprecedented population increase. The emphasis of this paper is empirical, with a concentrated focus on the determination of the level of socioeconomic segregation and depiction of the socio-spatial structure of the city of Curitiba using the data from the latest population censuses. The research utilizes the statistics of household income which was used to create four income groups of families, to which the index of dissimilarity was applied to measure the level of segregation. Analyzing data were compared with other demographical and social statistics to provide an inclusive depiction of the Curitiba’s socio-spatial changes.

Palabras claves: Curitiba, social segregation, dissimilarity index

Autores: Wojtowicz, Miroslaw (Institute of Geography, Pedagogical University of Cracow, Poland / Polen)

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