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10552 - How to reconcile internal slavery, leadership and indigenous democracy in yuqui society of the bolivian amazon?

The Yuqui hunter-gatherers , member of the tupi-guarani linguistic family are known to have developed a system of internal slavery which has no known equivalent in the ethnography of lowland South America . The period of contact witch took place between the 60 's and 90's leading to the encounter of Yuqui people with the New Tribes Mission, and led to the settlement of three enemies groups in the same place . After an attempt “to free slaves" from part of the evangelists, it is clear that the yuqui mastery is now more difficult to discern. Bu albeit discrete , this system still governed the internals dynamics of power in this small society. On entering the indigenous political systems in the early 90's the Yuqui reproduce this system which significantly affects the distribution of positions of power . In this paper I will attempt to explain how slavery and the old structures of domination survive in current yuqui society . I will show the consistency of its connection with a system of democratic representation in native political theory. Finally I’ll describe how Yuqui politics fits with the actual government of Evo Morales y his process of indigenous autonomies.      

Palavras-chaves: Yuqui-Slavery-Leadership-Bolivia

Autores: JABIN, David (CNRS-Université d'Orléans, France / Frankreich)

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