8083 - Leadership styles in a dialogue with the dominant in Western Amazonia, Brazil - Manchineri leaders in different historical contexts

Many indigenous people in Brazil have experienced complex networks of ancestral groups, enslavement in rubber tapping, first steps in demarcated indigenous area, life of indigenous organizations, and the most recently, being represented in local governments. In Western Amazonia, the Manchineri's “general leaders” have appropriated styles of the dominant society in these different historical contexts. This paper discusses how dominant society’s leadership styles are related to power and making others into relations among the Manchineri (manxineru), in the state of Acre. The appropriation of leadership practices from others has affected not only their external relations, but also leadership practices in the community. The Manchineri leaders have, however, been criticized for inefficiency, distance, and oppression – the characters associated with non-native leaders. The paper also discusses the role of the so called general leaders in Western Amazonia. They have represented various settlements, even different indigenous people, and dealt with others. In the state of Acre, Brazil, the competition for taking on the position as a general leader of indigenous peoples of the region still affects local indigenous politics and some leaders’ relationships with the state.

Palavras-chaves: Amazonia, leadership, local history, Manchineri, dominant society

Autores: Virtanen, Pirjo Kristiina (University of Helsinki, Finland / Finnland)


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