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3841 - Reading the memories of the past in the landscapes of poverty domination

Economic development has historically and politically defined Mexico’s concept of heritage, creating everlasting tensions between preserving the past and the indigenous life ways, as emblematic of her identity and, at the same time, incorporating them into a model of modernization. In eradicating poverty through infrastructure building and welfare policies, the commodification of the landscape evokes people to remember the social practices of distant pasts. Memory is intimately linked with the landscape, as it creates a sense of place that legitimizes the many identities and social worlds that have existed through time. However, memory is not an immediate reflection of the past. The materialization of memory in the landscape is an individual experience, evoking fragmented pieces of collectively lived histories. By exploring the practices acting on the landscape, habit memory translates and maps the meanings of everyday life in the past, revealing the existing spaces of domination of the XVI century and the reconfiguration of this strategy with the urban building expansion of Cuentepec in the State of Morelos. In this still hybrid landscape of welfare and memory, the act of remembrance of the lives of generations is rapidly being suppressed by the mnemonic elements of power designed by world institutions, such as, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, to combat poverty.

Keywords: Memory, Archaeological Spatial Analysis, Institutional Economics, Landscapes, Poverty

Author: Lopez Varela, Sandra L. (Univ. Aut. Estado de Morelos, Mexico / Mexiko)

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