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7289 - Learning of soccer: the trials and the constitution of skill

This paper discusses ways of learning have become very popular in Brazil: soccer. Made from ethnographic research (with practitioners of soccer in Belo Horizonte / BR) in dialogue with the anthropology of learning - in particular, Lave and Wenger (1991) and Tim Ingold (2000, 2001) - the study unveiled elements that involve learning/participation in this sport: the contexts of production and modes of participation in practice, power relations and learning among beginners and veterans; changes in the forms of participation, the constitution of identities; soccer trials as learning contexts. The centrality / density of learning constituted in trials (name chosen from a dialogue with INGOLD, 2001) allow such practices as crop focus of this paper. Started in childhood, soccer trials (or multiple activities of practitioners with the ball) are masculine practices that unfold during all participation in social practice. In researching these practices were put into two groups: trials "solo" (learning that occur when a practitioner engages in the production of soccer moves with the ball) and the essays "guided" (learning that occur when more than one practitioner is involved in production of soccer movements). The observation of these contexts has shown that learning results from participation in practice and a change in the relationship with the body, with the ball, with the other and the environment. In this type of learning, which is in question are not isolated units, as the foot, the ball, the other, the field. Learn soccer means to learn the set of relations which these elements are part. It is therefore a process that involves the incorporation of forms of action, to move the body and with them a set of implicit aspects: meanings, values/ ethics, types of attention, emotions, bodily dispositions, identities, etc.

Keywords: soccer, learning, culture, body.

Author: Faria, Eliene (UFMG, Brazil / Brasilien)

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