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10302 - Ethnogenesis among Native Americans in the Southeast US in the early 18th Century

Governor Robert Johnson of Carolina prepared a report in 1719 that provides the first reliable enumeration of native populations in the Southeast US significant for two reasons: 1) it is a comprehensive, time-stamped compendium of information on the size and distribution of native populations in the US Southeast, and 2) it reflects the earliest and in some cases only population profile for native southeastern groups (several went extinct within the next 10-20 years). The ultimate significance of the Johnson report is the knowledge it provides on Native American demography in the first half of the 17th century after Virgin Soil diseases had run their course across the region. In this presentation we examine the size, location and ethnolinguistic affiliation of the diverse groups enumerated in Johnson's report in light of the ethnogenesis taking place among remnant populations at this critical moment in the Native American history of the Southeastern US.

Keywords: Ethnogenesis, SE United States, 18th Century, Demography

Author: Gragson, Ted (University of Georgia, Ud States of Am / USA)

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