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6731 - Residential segregation and the labor markets in metropolitan Lima

In the last 40 years, as a result of the migration process toward the capital coupled to the demographic natural growth, the capital has experienced a formidable population's expansion which has been concomitant to the extension of its geographic limits. Today, more than half of the population resides in the urban periphery. The contrast between these areas and the "consolidated" part of the city as regards means of transport, access to public services, commercial density, etc. is quite important. In the same way, the urban periphery concentrates poorer population with smaller education levels. However, during the last decade of rapid growth, it has been observed in one hand a strong economic and social differentiation in the outlying areas and, on the other hand, an acceleration of the population's density in many districts with strong vertical growth that has reflected in many cases the social and residential mobility. The population in peripheral poor areas has been object of a great number of studies. Any or little attention has been paid to the phenomena of mobility and residential segregation and its impact on the labor market.  

Using spatially stratified microdata we’ll try to answer the following questions: How important is the residential segregation in Lima? Which are its more important dimensions (occupational, ethnic, revenues, etc.)? In which way the recent phase of economic expansion has reproduced / redefined residential segregation ? In what measure does a residential unfavorable environment have a negative incidence on the employment characteristics of population living in the marginalized urban areas?        

Palabras claves: Peru, residential segregation, inequalities

Autores: Herrera, Javier (IRD, France / Frankreich)

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