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9411 - Pueblos Ancestrales del Ecosistema Manglar (Ancient Peoples of Mangrove Ecosystem): the politics of a environmental dispossessed group.

In recent years the Latin American region has become the stage for the emergent of new indigeneities That is, the articulation of new political subjects based on new typologies of indigenous identities that challenge narrow constructions of indigeneity that require geographic or cultural-racial fixity. This paper aims to contribute to this growing literature as it presents a case study where an environmental dispossessed group has enacted a novel ethnic strategy based on the concepts of “ancestrality” and “peoplehood” in order to demand collective mangrove land titles, and thus, gain more control over its natural resources. Concretely, it addresses the reasons for understanding why the mangrove gatherers’ grassroots movement in Ecuador has self-positioned as Ancient People of Mangrove Ecosystem. I argue that this place-ecosystem based ethnic identity responds to a totally lack of recognition and valuation of a cultural way of life with nature. This case study highlights how current natural resource depletion is pushing novel deployments of indigeneity by the fact that this legal category entails rights to collective land and calls attention to the dangers of exclusion of granting collective land titles exclusively in terms of indigeneity.

Palabras claves: indigeneity, Ethnic politics, mangroves, natural resource conflicts, Ecuador

Autores: Latorre, Sara (ICTA. Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain / Spanien)

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