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12141 - Yanomami: Traditional culture of twelve first-contacted communities as a reference for modern day programs of development.

In this paper we argue first that contemporary basic and applied research need to consider the more traditional or unacculturated Yanomami as a baseline to better understand subsequent changes in the lifestyle, society, and culture. Secondly, we argue that consideration of the political relationship between more acculturated communities living on or near major rivers and less acculturated or more traditional communities and the interior is also crucial. We demonstrate through first-hand experience how the marked difference in acquisition of manufactured goods has significant impact on the influence of communities located at or near non-Yanomami bases of operation. This is exemplified in part by hundreds of documented trading sessions that occur at every visit from another community. These points are illustrated with my ethnographic field data from living with the Yanomami for extended uninterrupted periods from 1975 to 1989 and also drawing on recent research through numerous Skype communications with Yanomami and a visit by David Good to reunite with his mother in her village and his field experience on the upper Orinoco, Venezuela. We discuss how taking into consideration these two propositions can enhance the successful outcome of developmental programs among the Yanomami.

Autores: Good, Kenneth (New jersey City University, Ud States of Am / USA (USA))
Co-Autores: David A. Good (Ud States of Am / USA)

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