9771 - Citizenship in Mexico City: between the socio-legal construction of inequalities and vernacular practices. Ethnography of inequalities and segregations

Mexico City is the 2nd largest town, capital of the 14th world economy, urbanized at 78%. It is the most unequal of the OECD, the 2nd at the world scale with 50% of population living below the poverty line, built on the fragmentation of urban space –privatization of public spaces and confinement of middle & superior classes (Guerrien, 2006). These sociospatial segregations are linked to conceptions of otherness which appear in constructions of citizenship –socio-legal status/vernacular practices- between segregations, the historical rubbing shoulders and the negated colonial interbreeding. The explanations bring to the relations to confidence and truth (Curzio, 2007). Mexico City represents a paradigmatic illustration of concentration of powers (media-sociocultural-economic-political), inequalities and segregations (Alvarez, 2006). The constructions of legal citizenship opposing social rights/mobility in a context of economy of mobility (Giglia, Duhau, 2007) are ways to economically exclude. The neoliberal globalization with accumulation by dispossession and fragmentation of social identities (Harvey, 2003), is not an historical paradigm or epistemological norm but a civilizing discourse of domination (Holston, 1989).

What are the conceptions of public spaces and otherness? How social movements constitute a reappropriation of public spaces by groups who consider themselves excluded from decisions, which rewrite the city and try to transform the sociopolitical structures? How does State give more liberty of expression but less political answers? In what does road traffic constitute a fact of globalization? Are the road conflicts current forms of expression of violence which structures the process of civilization? Epistemomethodologically: does situationism approach short-lived social contacts? How ethnography in activist environment requires the active participation of investigator and in what this engagement enriches and jeopardizes credibility of the investigation?

Keywords: citizenships, globalization, Fragmentations, Mexico City

Author: GOVOREANU, MORGANE (EHESS, France / Frankreich)


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