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10280 - Amazonian personhood and the globalization: A comparative study of the Amazonian personhood process among the indigenous peoples of Peru.

In the Peruvian Amazon, where the natural resources industry is expanding, the traditional territories of the indigenous peoples are threatened, both by the injustice and atrocities that they many times face, and by the environmental pollutions that affect the air, water and land negatively, including the food resources. The strained contact between the indigenous peoples and the non-indigenous population occupying their territory has led to a way of interpreting the new figures habiting the indigenous peoples' area through mythological creatures and an elevated suspicion among themselves and against newcomers. These indigenous perceptions can through animistic and perspectivistic theories be thought of as a way of relating to the Unknown by seeing it as a potential enemy, who/which has features desirable for the indigenous groups. In an ambiguous relationship between the indigenous peoples of the Peruvian Amazon, and towards non-indigenous peoples such as whites and mestizos, these autochthonous groups can through socializing with the Unknown acquire powers. But what happens if world perception and personhood can actually direct which way these relations with the new inhabitants, and if differences between indigenous peoples of the Peruvian Amazon and their relations within and outside the linguistic group can be a differentiating factor in the way the surrounding is interpreted. As the indigenous peoples of the Peruvian Amazon practice warfare within or outside their linguistic families, these ways of relating to indigenous and non-indigenous people can conduct present and future relations between indigenous peoples and non-indigenous within the State of Peru and the national society.

Keywords: Sociality, alterity, indigenous peoples, globalization, Peruvian Amazon.

Author: Mulugheta, Luana (none, Sweden / Schweden)

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