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8994 - How anti-extractivist activism is managed by Latin America's progressive regimes

Since the mid-2000s, booming global commodity markets have brought a massive expansion of exploration and exploitation activities in resource-rich Latin America . Although progressive regimes have been regulating and taxing the mineral sectors more than their neoliberal predecessors, the negative social, environmental and developmental effects remain highly problematic. In this context, many local groups protest against mining and oil projects and (national) social actors question the neo-extractivist model and propose alternatives. Whereas some civic demands and proposals are adopted by the government (at least on paper), governments as well as large state and private companies have actively tried to coopt, neglect and/or attack critical groups. This paper analyses how various progressive governments react to and/or anticipate the resistance against their extractivist model, and what role state and private companies play in the local and national politics of neo-extractivism. This analysis will enhance our understanding of the implications of neo-extractivism and the new state-market dependencies for state-society relations and the limitations to deepening democracy under progressive regimes.

Keywords: neo-extractivism, activism, progressive regimes, politics, development

Author: Hogenboom, Barbara (CEDLA, Netherlands / Niederlande)

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